The Spanish coup d’état attempt known in Spain by the numeronym F and also known As planned, the coup would require Tejero and General Jaime Milans del Bosch as its principal instigators, .. and Keystones of the Assault on Congress (El Golpe: Anatomía y Claves Del Asalto Al Congreso) by Busquets. – Buy F: El Golpe Del Cesid book online at best prices in India on Read F: El Golpe Del Cesid book reviews & author details and. Un civil y 32 militares fueron procesados por el intento de golpe de Estado Paradójicamente, el entonces comandante del Cesid José Luis.

Author: Kigahn Faugis
Country: Montenegro
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Environment
Published (Last): 2 June 2014
Pages: 321
PDF File Size: 20.85 Mb
ePub File Size: 14.74 Mb
ISBN: 864-6-95256-836-2
Downloads: 25867
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Faelkree

Date February Retrieved 5 October Against this extraordinary backdrop, Calvo Sotelo presented his proposed government on 18 February, but, during congressional voting on the 20th, he failed to obtain the necessary majority approval for confirmation as Prime Minister, so a new vote was scheduled for the 23rd: Arriving at the Zarzuela Palacethe royal residence, Armada offered the monarch a trade-off: As such, the date is sometimes remembered as “the Night of Transistor Radios” La noche de los transistores.

In the long term, the coup’s failure could be considered the last serious attempt by adherents to Francoist ideology to destroy Spain’s future as a democracy and implement their fascist totalitarian designs on the nation.

1981 Spanish coup d’état attempt

The prosecutor’s questioning allegedly lost a great deal of intensity when court resumed after the lunch break, and Ceesid was finally acquitted. Though shots were fired, the hostage-takers surrendered the next morning without killing anyone.

The Crown, symbol of the permanence and unity of the nation, will not tolerate, in any degree whatsoever, the actions or behavior of anyone attempting through use of force to interrupt the democratic process of the Constitution, which the Spanish People approved by vote in referendum.

The coup attempt was linked to the Spanish transition to democracy.

The government then dismissed various police chiefs, while in the Interior Ministry there were resignations in solidarity with the torturers. Local nationalists have asserted that the LOAPA law limiting the devolution to the autonomous communities was passed to placate the military.


Its leader, Lieutenant-Colonel Antonio Tejerowas sentenced to seven months in prison. On 10 February, Leopoldo Calvo Sotelo was named candidate for prime minister.

Cessid were fired in response, and a guard flashed a submachine gun towards the deputies’ seats, demanding silence. Date February Location Madrid and Valencia. February Learn how and when to remove this template message. Please help improve this article by adding citations cwsid reliable sources. An armored convoy was dispatched to the Manises airbase in order to convince the commander there to support the coup; however, the Colonel of the 11th Wing in charge of the base not only refused to comply, he threatened to deploy two fighter jets armed with air-to-ground missiles which he claimed to have standing by with their engines running against the tanks sent by Milans del Bosch, thereby forcing the latter to withdraw.

The shots wounded some of the visitors in the chamber’s upper gallery. This section needs additional citations for verification. All of the Spanish military golpr police corps except for the rebels.

One of the assailants ordered, “Mr. Deploying 2, men and fifty tanks from his Motorized Division as well as troops from the port of Valencia onto the streets and into the city center, they occupied the Town Hall Ayuntamiento and the Valencian judicial court building Las cortes valencianas. While seditious sentiments grew in sectors of the military and extreme right, the government faced a serious crisis at the beginning of the decade, and its position became increasingly untenable in the course of The revolt, known as Operation Turiawas considered key if other military regions were to become involved in the coup.

Spanish coup d’état attempt – Wikipedia

Meanwhile, another insurgent general, Torres Rojasfel in his attempt to oust General Juste in the Brunete division of the military, resulting in Torres Rojas having to abandon his plan to take control of certain key strategic points in Madrid, including State radio and television headquarters and, therefore, firsthand control of the information as events unfolded.

It has been alleged [11] [13] [14] [15] [16] that during a lunch break in the F trial, and after being subjected to a particularly intense grilling session by the prosecutor, Cortina grabbed a phone and was heard saying: Part of the Spanish transition to democracy. El Golpe Que Nunca Existio.


From my fatherwho was in Estoril — and was also very surprised to be able to contact me by phone — from my two sisters in Madrid and from cseid heads of State who encouraged me to resist. These theories cast doubt on the sincerity of the King’s defense of democracy and qualify the coup as an example of coercive realpolitik taken to the next level.

The King, however, refused to receive Armada, who, shortly before midnight, entered the Congress of Deputies alleging that the Gollpe had ordered him to assume leadership of the government. In Novemberthe Operation Galaxia military putsch was put down. Archived from the original PDF on xel March Retrieved 24 February El Asesinato de Carrero”. The deputies were freed that morning. Retrieved 2 July This page was last edited on 30 Decemberat Almost at the gllpe time, the Captain General of the Third Military Region, Jaime Milans del Boschjoined the coup with a revolt in Valenciaordering tanks to be brought out onto the streets and declaring a general state of emergency in an attempt to convince other senior military figures to align with him in supporting the coup.

Los que quedan del golpe

Retrieved from ” https: After several minutes, all the Deputies retook their assigned congressional seats. By using cesi site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Given ceid events taking place in the Palace of Congress, and to avoid any possible confusion, I hereby confirm that I have ordered the Civil Authorities and the Joint Chiefs of Staff to take any and all necessary measures to uphold constitutional order within the limits of the law.

The insurgents’ hope, in taking both the executive and legislative authorities prisoner, was to create a power vacuum that would force a new political order.