Treatise on Instrumentation (Dover Books on Music) [Hector Berlioz, Richard Strauss] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. The most influential. Includes full-score musical examples from works by Berlioz, Mozart, Beethoven, Wagner, and others. Music Books | Music History and Theory – Books on Music; /; Treatise on Instrumentation By: Hector Berlioz, Richard Strauss. Book Source: Digital Library of India Item : Hector ioned.
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This buzzing chaos, full of strange noises and hideous grunts, is hectod or compounded by the other players, who are either more dedicated or more confident of their ability, and who labour in a fruitless attempt to perform the passage entirely as written. The authority of a hundred old men, be they all agedshould not persuade us to find ugly what is beautiful, nor trestise what is ugly.
A brief discussion of conducting practices in Europe instrumentatiom Berlioz’s day. Three trombones poorly used will seem noisy and unbearable, while a moment later, in the instrumenttation hall, twelve trombones will astonish the public through their noble and powerful harmony. Since each of these instruments has its own special character it is at least likely that the composer chose one rather another because he preferred this particular timbre, and not through any caprice.
This can sometimes produce excellent effects, even with stopped notes. If the viola part cannot be written in a distinctive way it is better to use it to add volume to the sound of the cellos by having both parts written in unison and not an octave apart as far as the lower range of the instrument permits. Unless one wishes treayise trample common sense and all artistic principles it is quite impossible to use such instruments merely to provide the harmony.
Treatise on Instrumentation – Wikipedia
This beautiful instrumental soprano voice, so sonorous and rich in penetrating inflexions when used in large numbers, gains when played solo in delicacy, elusive nuances, and mysterious sympathy what it loses in power and brightness. For example instruumentation reproduce in a musical way the great images of the mass for the dead in a RequiemI have used four small orchestras of brass instruments trumpets, trombones, cornets and ophicleides placed some distance from each other at the four corners of the large orchestra.
Berlioz was also known as a great conductor in his time, in addition to a composer. This means that the constant uniformity in the placing of masses of instruments is one of the greatest obstacles to the production of yector works that are really novel.
The nearer they are to the point of origin of the sounds the more effective they become. It can be assumed that it is highly important in using such a vast mass of players to take into account the distance or the proximity of the different groups that make it up. The result is not only that the effect misfires, but that there is a jarring discrepancy between the stage and the orchestra, and between the melody and its instrumentation. In general this is true. Let us just say that instrumentation is at the head of the march and has reached the stage of exaggeration.
If the intention was to perform a composition involving a chorus, such an orchestra would require:.
Treatise On Instrumentation
The following runs produce an excellent effect in the scene of the bathing women in Act II of Les Huguenots. Portrait of Hector Berlioz by Achille Peretti. They therefore associated them almost always with the trumpets. When combined with timpani rolls in several instfumentation, as in the work I have just mentioned, and with an orchestration that emphasises the note of terror, they suggest instrrumentation strange and awesome sounds that accompany the great cataclysms of nature.
In the case of drums, bass drums, cymbals and timpani, for example, if they are used all at once to play certain rhythms in the commonplace manner, they can remain grouped together. Nothing has such voluptuous sadness as a mass of cellos playing in unison on the A string, and nothing is better suited to expressing tender and languorous melodies. The latter consists of an imposing mass of string instruments, all the other wind instrumrntation doubled or tripled, and ten musicians playing eight pairs of timpani tuned to different notes.
Portrait of Hector Berlioz by Achille Nector Although he never was an expert player of any instrument, he had become such an expert of all instruments that he could write such a treatise.
And yet it would be interesting to try once to make simultaneous use of all the musical resources that can be assembled in Paris, in a work specially written for the occasion. All rights of reproduction reserved for the texts and translations on this page.
Treatise on instrumentation and orchestration by Hector Berlioz
Harold in Italy3rd movement, bars In particular it would have an incalculable melodic, expressive and rhythmic power, a penetrating force like no other, a prodigious sensitivity in all nuances whether in ensemble or in detail.
His preference is to give wind melodies to two or more instruments. To please these people it was absolutely essential to saturate compositions with major or minor seconds, sevenths, ninths, fifths and fourths, used without reason or purpose, unless it is assumed that the point of this harmonic style is to offend the ear as often as possible.
A vigorous marcato rhythm in a vast choral piece or a frenzied dance gains a great deal by being played not by a single pair of cymbals but by four, six, ten or even more, depending on the size of the venue and the numbers of the other instruments and voices.
The assistant conductors and orchestral coaches will rehearse on their own, following the same method:. I think it is best for them not ber,ioz be left onstrumentation.
Unisons only acquire quality when they are multiplied beyond a certain instrumentatlon. Between the chorus and harps and pianos alone. But if they are properly composed, well drilled and well conducted, and if they are playing real music, they should be called powerful ; in truth, the difference between these two words could not be greater.