World J Surg. May-Jun;17(3) Diagnosis and treatment of jejunoileal atresia. Touloukian RJ(1). Author information: (1)Department of Surgery, Yale. Jejunoileal atresias and stenoses are major causes of neonatal intestinal obstruction. Atresia—derived from the Greek components a- . Jejunal Atresia is a rare genetic disorder. Patients with this disorder are born with a partial absence of the fold of the stomach membrane that connects the small.

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Diagnosis and treatment of jejunoileal atresia.

In this condition, because of agenesis of the mesentery, the distal small bowel comes straight off the caecum and twists around the marginal artery, suggesting a maypole, a Christmas tree, or an apple peel at operation. In recessive disorders, the condition does not appear unless a person inherits the same defective gene for the same trait from each parent.

Pyloric atresia involves an obstruction at the pylorus, which is the passage linking the stomach and the first portion of the small intestine duodenum. In most cases, this can establish a diagnosis. The content of the website and databases of the National Organization for Rare Disorders NORD is copyrighted and may not be reproduced, copied, downloaded or disseminated, in any way, for any commercial or public purpose, without prior written authorization and approval from NORD.

In case of jejunoileal atresia, there is an obstruction found mostly in jejunum and even in ileum as well. Obliteration of the superior mesenteric artery may underlie this malformation. This twisting may be so severe that the artery in question is completely blocked atrasia. Genetic counseling may be of benefit for patients and their families.

There can be multiple dilated small bowel loops proximal to the atresia and the number of dilated loops increase as point of atresia becomes more distal. Investigational Therapies Research on birth defects and their causes is ongoing.


This may vary from a few days to several weeks. The intestine usually develops to a normal length. Symptoms, Causes, Treatment, Types, Prognosis. This is a procedure that examines the rectum, large intestine and lower part of the small intestine. Pyloric stenosis Hiatus hernia. Symptoms in individuals with this disorder include vomiting, a swollen abdomen, and constipation.

There have been approximately 57 cases reported in the medical literature. Cystic fibrosis is also an associated disorder and may seriously complicate the management of jejunoileal atresia. It also provides babies with some comfort as abdominal swelling is relieved.

Check for errors and try again. Standard Therapies Jejunal Atresia can be determined prenatally by testing the amniotic fluid. Did I have a stroke? Retrieved from ” https: The operations are mostly focused on removal of the intestinal blind end sections. The segment of intestine just before the obstruction becomes massively enlarged dilatedthus hindering its ability to absorb nutrients and propel its contents through the digestive tract.

The translocation atresa in the patient might be considered candidate regions for the gene mutant in apple-peel atresia. An amniocentesis is recommended because it can determine not only the sex of the baby, but whether or not there is a problem with the chromosomes. The transducer sends sound waves into the body that bounce off organs and return to the ultrasound machine, producing an image on the monitor.

Intestinal atresia

Jejunal Atresia can be determined prenatally by testing the amniotic fluid. Classically, the affected area of bowel assumes a spiral configuration and is described to have an “apple peel” like appearance; this is accompanied by lack of a dorsal mesentery.

The site of the atresia can be anywhere from the ligament of Treitz to the jejunoileal junction. Gel is applied to the abdomen and a special wand called a transducer is placed on the skin. Infants with jejunoileal atresia, regardless of attesia subtype, usually vomit green jejunoilleal within the first 24 hours of life. Jejunoileal comes from the name of one of our intestinal parts, and that is jejunum. Ileal atresia can also result as a complication of meconium ileus.


Affected Populations Jejunal Atresia is a very rare disorder that affects males and females in equal numbers. This disorder was first reported in Flageole H, et al. Stenosis refers to a partial obstruction that results in a narrowing of the opening lumen of the intestine. This malformation in the small intestine causes eighty percent of the patients to vomit a bitter, yellow-green secretion of the liver bile.

Other symptoms of this disorder may be: Lambrecht W, et al.

The risk is the same for each pregnancy. A patient with an inadequate length of bowel or lower GI track may develop short bowel syndrome at a later stage.

With jejunoileal atresia, the type of surgery depends on the type of atresia, the amount of intestine present and the degree of intestinal dilation. This procedure examines the atreska of the upper attesia of the digestive system.

If a new born is under suspect of intestinal obstruction or intestinal atresia, then the new born must go through the following diagnostic processes:. Masumoto K, et al. Abdominal X-rays reveal an air-filled stomach but no air in the remaining intestinal tract. Find Another Condition or Treatment. As it is a rare disease and found in 1 out of new-borns, so you may not worry about your new-born.

Given the age of the patient and the symptoms, an abdominal X-ray is usually sufficient to establish a diagnosis. However, those with obstructions farther down in the jrjunoileal may not vomit until two to three days later.

In other projects Wikimedia Commons. This article does not provide medical advice. Jejunum, a portion of the small intestine twists around an artery that leads to atresia or intestinal blockage.