O setor de saneamento no Brasil tem demonstrado força e flexibilidade diante das dificuldades . Em janeiro de , o Presidente Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva assinou uma nova lei federal de água e saneamento (Lei /07 para o. 25 set. Four decades later, the enactment of Federal Law of 05/01/, which .. LEONELLI, G. C. V. A construção da lei federal de parcelamento do solo urbano . Institui a Política Nacional de Saneamento e cria. Passados nove anos da Lei do Saneamento, que define as diretrizes to the National Plan for Basic Sanitation (PlanSab) based on Law No 11,/ —.
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Overall it follows a standard structure: Plos Medicinev. After these tests, we used an octagonal rotation using the Varimax method to interpret the solution.
Indicadores de saneamento: uma análise de variáveis para elaboração de indicadores municipais
The concept of adequate sanitation was also defined through a thematic content analysis of the principles of the Sanitation Law, which have been grouped by these themes, forming the attributes of box 2. Only Profile I had a large reduction in representativeness.
Of the 16 attributes, the data selection managed to include saneamentl eight of them, and some of them only partially. Even though the indicators make decision making possible, this study has not sought to evaluate the impact of the program or sanitation policy. In terms of universalization, the SNIS is still not able to furnish information about sanitation in the rural and peripheral areas discussed in the study conducted by Schneider and collaborators The degree to which the results can be generalized was tested by dividing the sample randomly into two sub-samples and the results of the Varimax rotation loads, the commonalities, and the factor structure proved to be stable, because there was no representative load of the variable in other factors.
For the municipality groupings, we have adopted the city typology as suggested by Meijering, Kern and Tobiavoiding the comparison of municipalities that have different characteristics. This data demonstrates the need for improvements in basic sanitation.
Identifying the methodological characteristics of European 1145 city rankings. In terms of the weighting, in FA the weighting intervenes to correct the overlapping of information between two or more correlated lie and does not measure the theoretical importance associated with the indicator Giovannini et al.
Saneamento no Brasil – Wikipédia, a enciclopédia livre
To do this, it will be necessary to monitor the sanitation situation in municipalities to determine the dimensions of the effort and resources necessary. The objectives of the FA were: Indicators for monitoring water, sanitation, and hygiene: Based on these themes, the indicators were selected to understand the correlated structure formed by them.
Step 3 is based on exploratory factor analysis FA to determine the structure of the relationships between the variables Corrar, Paulo and Dias Filho, The correlation matrix analysis considered only values above 0. The analysis of the variables used to elaborate the composite indicators for basic sanitation is based on the Handbook on constructing composite indicators Giovannini et al.
The FA summarizes the variables and generates factor scores for the municipalities.
In terms of the sample size, according to Hair and collaboratorsthere need to be more observations than variables, with the minimum acceptable ratio being 5: Handbook on constructing composite indicators: The normalization was performed based on taking the lowest factor score and summing the saneakento values. This is an estimate, because an attribute cannot always be measured by just one indicator.
International Journal of Sociology and Anthropologyv. Secretaria do Meio Ambiente.
R2 — Urban population served by the household collection service inhabitants. The factor kei are the correlations of each variable with the factor, the lowest load being 0.
It may be noted that the municipalities not included in the analysis due to a lack of data did not significantly affect the representativeness of the sample, given that the proportions were maintained.
Lei n o In terms of the WSW Coverage indicator, the value of 25 is much larger than the second largest value. In general, the MBSI values for municipalities are very close to each other. Table 2 shows the quantities of the state municipalities and their respective typologies as well as those of the sample.
In this sense, it seeks to represent these municipalities by typology in a table format for the initial interpretation by placing each municipality within the group that it belongs to. Ecological Indicatorsv. Final considerations This study demonstrates the need for data to evaluate sanitation in a complete manner, considering the concept of adequate sanitation.
In Brazil there are roughly 3.
Elaborated by the authors.