The Central American Rattlesnake is large, it can grow up to cm, but the average adult ranges between and cm. It has a robust body, a relatively . Snake venomics of the Central American rattlesnake Crotalus simus and the South American Crotalus durissus complex points to neurotoxicity as an adaptive . Crotalus simus is a venomous pit viper species found in Mexico and Central America. The specific epithet is Latin for ‘flat-nosed’, likely because its head is blunt.

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Do not use Tourniquets, cut, suck or scarify the wound or apply chemicals or electric shock. A checklist of the amphibians and reptiles of Honduras, with additions, comments on taxonomy, some recent taxonomic decisions, and areas of further studies needed. Mesoamerican Herpetology 4 3: Renal Damage Recognised complication, usually secondary to myolysis. Venom Neurotoxins Presynaptic neurotoxins.

Multiple doses may be required. Avoid peroral intake, absolutely no alcohol. Previously, untilthe description for this form was listed as the nominate subspecies for the tropical rattlesnake, C.

Contact Next to the sports park, Dulce Nombre of Coronado. If there will be considerable delay before reaching medical aid, measured in several hours to days, then give clear fluids by mouth to prevent dehydration. Antivenom Therapy Antivenom is the key treatment for systemic envenoming.

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The Venomous Reptiles of the Western Hemisphere. Views Read Edit View history. Venom Myotoxins Secondary myotoxic activity may be present. A large proportion The venom proteome of 6-week-old C. The snakes of Honduras. Specific antivenoms exist for several major species. It should not be assumed that humankind currently knows all there is to know about any species, even for common species. Bites are similar to rattlesnake bites in the United States.


Chimaira, Frankfurt, pp Hoser, R. Epidemiology, Clinical Features, and Clinical Management. We report a comparative venomic and antivenomic characterization of the venoms of newborn and adult specimens of the Central American rattlesnake, Crotalus simus, and of the subspecies cumanensis, durissus, crtoalus, and terrificus of South American Crotalus durissus.

Copyright ToxinologyWCH. Retrieved 28 August Articles with ‘species’ microformats All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from September Commons category link from Wikidata Use dmy dates from September Wikispecies has simmus related to Crotalus simus. Further, we cannot control how users will interpret the information provided on this site. Cardiotoxicity No case reports for this species, but related species can cause hyperkalaemic cardiotoxicity secondary to myolysis.

This is most apparent on the scale rows on either side of the body with a decreasing intensity in the lower rows.

Head is large, broad and very distinct from narrow neck. Can you confirm these amateur observations of Crotalus simus? Taxonomic studies on rattlesnakes of Mainland Mexico. A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. Evolutionary morphology of the rattlesnake style. No sedatives outside hospital.

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Crotalus simus | Instituto Clodomiro Picado

If the offending snake has been killed it should be brought with the patient for identification only relevant in areas where there are more than one naturally occurring venomous snake species sumus, but be careful to avoid touching the head, as even a dead snake can envenom.

Costa Rican snakes of the tropical dry forest. The venoms of the South American Crotalus subspecies belong to one of two distinct phenotypes.

Neurotoxic Paralysis No clinical reports for this species, but related species cause flaccid paralysis. Noteworthy distributional records for the herpetofauna of Chiapas, Mexico.

We therefore do not accept legal responsibility for use of the information provided and we require that all users use information from this site at their own risk. Shamans also dry and roast snakes, grinding them into a powder used as medicine.

These include local cauterization, incision, excision, amputation, suction by mouth, vacuum pump or syringe, combined incision and suction “venom-ex” apparatusinjection or instillation of compounds such as potassium permanganate, phenol carbolic soap and trypsin, application of electric shocks or ice cryotherapyuse of traditional herbal, folk and other remedies including the ingestion of emetic plant products and parts of the snake, multiple incisions, tattooing and so on.